Report on Human Rights Situation of Indigenous Peoples in Bangladesh in 2013

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Bangladesh often affirms its commitment to promote and protect human rights through its unequivocal pledge to uphold the principles and purposes of the UN Charter, international peace and security, respect for international law and rejection of colonialism and racism. However, different state agencies of Bangladesh have been directly engaged in interfering with the enjoyment of the human rights of indigenous peoples enshrined in the international laws for long, let alone the state authorities preventing violations of these rights by state agencies and other non-state actors. During the second cycle of review under the UPR mechanism on Bangladesh held at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on 29 April 2013, for example, the government of Bangladesh provided incomplete and inaccurate information on implementation of the CHT Accord and constitutional recognition of indigenous peoples to the UPR session, which has proved non-compliance attitude of government’s commitment to the international human rights mechanisms. More

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Will Nepal’s new Constituent Assembly deliver on indigenous peoples’ aspirations for right to self-determination?

22 January 2014

By Prabindra Shakya

On 22 January 2014, as Nepal’s second Constituent Assembly (CA) held its first meeting in Kathmandu, leaders from across political divide have pledged to draw up a new constitution within a year to end the protracted constitution making process of the country.  A previous Assembly elected in 2008 was dissolved and the process suspended in May 2012 after parties failed to agree on key contentious issues, including form of federalism, in new constitution. With the new CA now underway, whether aspirations of Nepal’s indigenous peoples to exercise their right to self-determination (self-governance) in a federal Nepal is highly questionable. More

Urgent Communication to the European Union Election Observation Mission concerning legal framework for Nepal’s Constituent Assembly Elections 2013 and its implementation

21 November 2013

European Union Election Observation Mission – Nepal 2013

Trade Tower, Ground floor, Thapathali, Ward No 11

Kathmandu – Nepal

Re: Urgent Communication concerning legal framework for Nepal’s Constituent Assembly Elections 2013 and its implementation 

Dear Sir or Madam:

This urgent communication is respectfully submitted for consideration of the European Union Election Observation Mission – Nepal 2013, under the mandate and objectives of the Mission, concerning the legal framework for Nepal’s Constituent Assembly Elections 2013 and its implementation in relation to representation of indigenous peoples in the Elections and forthcoming Constituent Assembly. More

Indigenous peoples’ organizations demand amendments in Nepal’s election laws

23 September 2013

Nepal Federation of Indigenous Nationalities (NEFIN) and other indigenous peoples’ organizations have demanded amendments in Nepal’s election laws to provide for organizational representation of indigenous peoples through their ethnic organizations in second Constituent Assembly elections of the country.

In a memorandum submitted to Election Commission on Sunday and copied to High Level Political Committee, Chairperson of the Interim Election Council of Ministers and chairpersons of all political parties, the organizations have made the following demands:
1. Fully proportional representation of indigenous nationalities based on population and at least one representative per indigenous group in the second CA elections should be ensured.
2. The State should recognize the recommendation of indigenous peoples’ organizations with regards to Constituent Assembly members as per the Supreme Court order of 21 April 2013.
3. As provided in Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007, minimum 37 per cent of total number of members in second Constituent Assembly should be guaranteed from indigenous nationalities.
4. Manifestos of political parties should be published in indigenous languages understood by indigenous nationalities.
5. Effective implementation of International Labour Organization Convention 169 (C169) and United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) should be guaranteed.
6. Indigenous communities not represented through direct elections and proportional representation system should be represented through recommendations of their representative and traditional institutions.
7. At least 37 per cent of candidates under direct and proportional seats for elections recommended from all geographies, departments and concerned agencies should be guaranteed from indigenous nationalities and same ratio should be ensured in acquired proportional seats.
8. The 20-point agreement signed between NEFIN and Government of Nepal on 7 August 2007 and following 9-point agreement signed with Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction on 22 May 2012 should be strictly adhered to.
9. As provided in Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007, all 26 seats to be nominated by the Council of Ministers should be ensured for indigenous nationalities. More

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